For example, in the nineteenth century when Oregon formed as a territory and then a state, lawmakers adopted a statute criminalizing sodomy, whether consensual or not. In response to a major homosexual scandal that gripped Portland at the end of , the state legislature strengthened the sodomy law in , extending its maximum sentence in the penitentiary from five to fifteen years and expanding the definition of what constituted an act of sodomy. In addition, from early in the twentieth century into the s, local law enforcement officials persistently used nuisance ordinances to harass and prosecute people who patronized gay bars. Beginning in the s, gays in a few places in the United States began to push back against such laws and prejudice and to demand better treatment. This period, extending to the end of the s, is generally known as the "Homophile" era, during which a few social and rights groups, such as the Mattachine Society and the Daughters of Bilitis, formed first in Los Angeles and San Francisco, with chapters then spreading to a few other major cities.
Gay and lesbian rights movement
OHCHR | Combating discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity
In this paper, I will discuss the different types of discrimination that LGBT youths are faced with and the effects on these youths. The paper will elaborate on the severe impacts on LGBT youths not only caused by discrimination but also due to lack of support and guidance. The paper will also discuss the roles of the parents and schools in helping minimize discrimination against LGBT youths. This paper will also hopefully instruct schools and parents to accept and support gay students rather than add to the discrimination that they already face. Doing so will reduce the high school drop out rate and most importantly the youth suicide rate. In essence, the purpose of this research paper is to identify the different effects on LGBT youths due to discrimination and to explore various actions that can and should be taken by schools and parents to help these youths live a normal and happy life. Therefore, my target audience is the school system as well as the parents of LGBT youths.
How Are LGBT Youths Affected by Discrimination and What Can Schools Do to Help?
Download the summary and recommendations in Tagalog. Schools should be safe places for everyone. But in the Philippines, students who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender LGBT too often find that their schooling experience is marred by bullying, discrimination, lack of access to LGBT-related information, and in some cases, physical or sexual assault. In recent years, lawmakers and school administrators in the Philippines have recognized that bullying of LGBT youth is a serious problem, and designed interventions to address it. In , the Department of Education DepEd , which oversees primary and secondary schools, enacted a Child Protection Policy designed to address bullying and discrimination in schools, including on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity.
United Nations entities call on States to act urgently to end violence and discrimination aga. United Nations entities call on States to act urgently to end violence and discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex LGBTI  adults, adolescents and children. All people have an equal right to live free from violence, persecution, discrimination and stigma. International human rights law establishes legal obligations on States to ensure that every person, without distinction, can enjoy these rights. This is cause for alarm — and action.