Although each specific condition can be separately defined in medical terms, clinically there is significant overlap in afflicted patients. The limited available data on female anatomy, physiology, biochemistry and molecular biology of the female sexual response makes this field particularly challenging to clinicians, psychologists and basic science researchers alike. The sexual response cycle consists of desire, arousal, orgasm and resolution both physiologic and psychologic. Desire is the mental state created by external and internal stimuli that induces a need or want to partake in sexual activity. Desire may be said to consist of: 1 biologic roots, which in part are based on hormones such as androgen and estrogen, 2 motivational roots, which are in part based on intimacy, pleasure and relationship issues and 3 cognitive issues such as risk and wish. Arousal is the state with specific feelings and physiologic changes usually associated with sexual activity involving the genitals.
Biology of Female Sexual Function » Sexual Medicine » BUMC
The human sexual response cycle is a four-stage model of physiological responses to sexual stimulation ,  which, in order of their occurrence, are the excitement , plateau, orgasmic , and resolution phases. This physiological response model was first formulated by William H. Masters and Virginia E. Johnson , in their book Human Sexual Response. The excitement phase also known as the arousal phase or initial excitement phase is the first stage of the human sexual response cycle, which occurs as a result of physical or mental erotic stimuli , such as kissing , making out , fantasizing or viewing erotic images , that leads to sexual arousal.
Different Ways to Get There: Evidence of a Variable Female Sexual Response Cycle
This process is known as the sexual response cycle. Experts usually categorize the sexual response cycle in four phases spanning from the second you get turned on mentally or physically to the blissful, tapped-out close of events. Different bodies of thought proceed through the sexual response cycle in slightly different ways, with some separating certain parts of the sexual response cycle that others lump together.
Try out PMC Labs and tell us what you think. Learn More. Sex is a motive force bringing a man and a woman into intimate contact. Sexuality is a central aspect of being human throughout life and encompasses sex, gender identities and roles, sexual orientation, eroticism, pleasure, intimacy, and reproduction.