Read the Review. This same birthday for patriarchy, five thousand years in the past, was mentioned several times in a lecture I attended in in New York City. I heard this number very frequently in the late s and early s; I was researching the feminist spirituality movement, and five thousand is the most common age spiritual feminists assign to "the patriarchy. But I was: the speaker was Gloria Steinem, and I hadn't figured her for a partisan of this theory. As I later learned, Steinem had been speculating about the origins of the patriarchy as early as , when she told the readers of Wonder Woman this story:. In , Steinem was a voice in the wilderness with her talk of a past gynocratic age; only a handful of feminists had even broached the topic.
Matriarchy - Wikipedia
Matriarchy is a social system in which women hold the primary power positions in roles of political leadership, moral authority , social privilege and control of property. While those definitions apply in general English, definitions specific to the disciplines of anthropology and feminism differ in some respects. Matriarchies may also be confused with matrilineal , matrilocal , and matrifocal societies. Much controversy surrounds the theory of widespread prehistoric matriarchies. Certain 19th and 20th century intellectuals and second-wave feminists believed female-led societies to predate male-led societies, but many scholars reject this theory as inaccurate.
The origins of sexism: How men came to rule 12,000 years ago
By Anil Ananthaswamy and Kate Douglas. THE vast majority of cultures are patriarchies, where men are more likely than women to hold positions of social, economic and political power. So it is tempting to assume that this is the natural state of affairs, perhaps because men are, on average, stronger than women.
There is not a single country in the world today whose top political position is held by a woman. Although, during the last decade, women have entered fields previously barred to them, men still monopolize the key positions in government, industry and military institutions. The questions remain: Are there innate biological harriers that prevent women trom attaining equal power? Or, is there something built into the human male that makes it more natural for him to command females than for females to command him? Feminists actually tend to underestimate male supremacism.